Tag Archives: Cloud Computing

28/10/2016 – Talk by Matteo Maffei

Title: Security and Privacy for Cloud Storage
Time: 13:00
Location: Meeting room
Type: Research Result
Speaker: Matteo Maffei (Saarland University)
Abstract: Cloud storage has rapidly become a cornerstone of many IT infrastructures, constituting a seamless solution for the backup, synchronization, and sharing of large amounts of data. Putting user data in the direct control of cloud service providers, however, raises security and privacy concerns related to the integrity of outsourced data, the accidental or intentional leakage of sensitive information, the profiling of user activities and so on. Furthermore, even if the cloud provider is trusted, users having access to outsourced files might be malicious and misbehave. These concerns are particularly serious in sensitive applications like personal health records and credit score systems.
To tackle this problem, we present GORAM, a cryptographic system that protects the secrecy and integrity of outsourced data with respect to both an untrusted server and malicious clients, guarantees the anonymity and unlinkability of accesses to such data, and allows the data owner to share outsourced data with other clients, selectively granting them read and write permissions. GORAM is the first system to achieve such a wide range of security and privacy properties for outsourced storage. In the process of designing an efficient construction, we developed two new, generally applicable cryptographic schemes, namely, batched zero-knowledge proofs of shuffle and an accountability technique based on chameleon signatures, which we consider of independent interest. We implemented GORAM in Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and ran a performance evaluation demonstrating the scalability and efficiency of our construction.

08.05.2013 – Lecture by Michele Mazzucco

Title: Tuning of large computer clusters to maximise performances
Time: 11:00
Location: Meeting room
Type: Lecture
Speaker: Michele Mazzucco
Abstract:
The lecture is part of the course of “Performance and reliability of computer systems” and “Foundations of programming languages”. The speaker works for Demonware and Activision Blizzard and is part of the team that is in charge of the capacity planning for the company’s data centres. In this lecture, Dr. Mazzucco will describe the data centre infrastructure and its requirements for acceptable online gaming experiences. Then, he will show how the capacity planning of these large and powerful infrastructures can be carried out by using formal models
such as queueing systems.

29.04.2013 – Talk by Erol Gelenbe

Title: Towards energy efficient QoS
Time: 13:00
Location: Meeting room
Type: Research Result
Speaker: Erol Gelenbe
Abstract:
Often, papers regarding energy savings in computer systems
and networks discuss average power consumption (in watts) which is
easier to measure and understand than actual energy consumption
(in joules or watt-hours). Furthermore not much attention has yet been devoted
to energy efficiency in conjunction with the quality of service (QoS) delivered
to users. Based on our own work on different architectures including
packet network routing, systems that include multiple servers, cloud computing
and mobile devices, we will show how energy consumption together with
QoS can be optimised for end users.

Brief Bio:
Erol Gelenbe’s curent projects, funded by EU FP7, UK EPSRC and UK MoD,
cover both energy savings in ICT and network security. His recent papers in the
Physical Review and ACM/IEEE journals and conferences, deal with performance and
energy considerations, but also with gene regulatory networks and protein alignment.
He is an IEEE and ACM Fellow, and a member of several national academies
of science and of engineering. He received the ACM SIGMETRICS Life-Time
Achievement Award, the France-Telecom Prize of the French Academy of Sciences,
and several honoris causa doctorates, and decorations from France and Italy.

18.12.2012 – Talk by Michele Mazzucco

Title: Revenue Maximization Problems in Commercial Data Centers

Date: 18/12/2012
Time: 1:00 pm
Location: Sala riunioni
Type: industrial application
Speaker: Michele Mazzucco (Demonware, Dublin)

Abstract:

As IT systems are becoming more and more important, one of the main concerns is that users may face major breakdowns and eventually incur major costs if computing systems do not meet the expected performance requirements: customers expect reliability and performance guarantees, while under-performing systems loose revenues. For example, it has been reported that Amazon tried delaying the page generation by 100 ms and found out that even very small delays would result in substantial and costly drops in revenue (1% sales drop for 100 ms delay). In this talk I will discuss some performance models aiming at optimizing the revenue earned by IT providers running ‘jobs’ subject to Quality of Service (QoS) constraints. The presentation is divided into two parts. In the first part I will analyze a business model where the QoS guarantees are formally defined through Service Level Agreements (SLAs), and thus the provider is liable to pay a penalty every time the promised performance level is not met. Experimental results show that revenues can be dramatically improved by imposing suitable conditions for accepting incoming traffic, and that the proposed policies perform well under different traffic conditions.

In the second part of the presentation I will discuss two queueing models for power and performance. The main difference compared to the first part of the talk is that now the QoS is implicit, and thus customers simply leave the system (or wait) if it under-performs, while the provider also takes into account the energy consumed by servers when deciding how many servers to allocate.

Michele Mazzucco graduated in Computer Science at the University of Bologna and obtained his PhD at the University of Newcastle under the supervision of prof. Mitrani. His main reserach interests include models for the performance evaluation and optimization of data centers. He has published in major conferences and journals on topics such as cloud computing and green computing. Since 2012, he works for Demonware.

DemonWare is an Irish software development company and a subsidiary of Activision Blizzard. DemonWare’s products enable games publishers to outsource their networking requirements, allowing them to concentrate on playability. The organisation has offices in Dublin, Ireland; and Vancouver, Canada.Primary products developed by DemonWare include the “DemonWare State Engine” and “Matchmaking+”. The State Engine is a high-performance state synchronization C++ programming framework that eliminates the need to reinvent netcode multiplayer games. Matchmaking+ provides services for multiplayer games such as matchmaking, user profiling, and gaming statistics. DemonWare’s main product has been used to support the development of several online games of success, among which Call of Duty.